Sri Lanka, officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka is a country off the southern coast
of the Indian Subcontinent. Known until 1972 as Ceylon, Sri Lanka is an island surrounded by the Indian Ocean.
It is a part of South Asia.
It is located in the path of major sea route and in ancient times too it was an important stop on the "Silk Route".
Sri Lanka has been the centre of Buddhist religion and culture from ancient times. The Sinhalese community forms the majority of the population and Tamils the largest ethnic minority. Other communities include Muslims, Burghers, Malays and the aboriginal Adi Vaasi (Veddah) people. Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a Presidential System.
The country is famous for Tea, Rubber and Coconut. Sri Lanka Tea is acclaimed the world’s best Tea, known as "Ceylon Tea". Cinnamon, Cardamoms and Cloves also are produced as export crops. A rich mineral resource, Sri Lanka is a major exporter of precious and semi-precious stones. The country has one of the longest and colorful histories of over 3000 years, in the world. The rich culture can be attributed to its ethnic diversity.
Within the boundaries of this one small island you find more than 100 miles of sunny, palm fringed beaches, breathtaking scenery up in the hills covered with lush green tea plantations, cascading waterfalls, wonderful architecture of the ancient past, brooding jungles and wild life and the fascinating art and culture. Sri Lanka is a founding member of SAARC and a member of the United Nation, Commonwealth of Nations, G77 and Non Alignment Movement.
|Legislative Capital||Sri Jayawardenapura, Kotte|
|Area||65,610sq km (Land: 64,630 sq km and Water: 980 sq km)|
|Population||21,481,334 (July 2012 est)|
|Time Difference||GMT +5.5 hrs|
|Currency||Sri Lankan Rupees (LKR)|
|Independence Day||04th February 1948|